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90 by 2050


2016 Comprehensive Energy Plan


Vermont Energy Flows in 2015, 2025, 2035, and 2050

This graphic illustrates one path forward that would meet the CEP’s quantitative energy use, renewability, and Greenhouse gas emission goals for 2025, 2035, and 2050. The productive energy at each time period increases, reflecting Vermont’s growing economy and improving quality of life. Meanwhile, total energy use declines significantly as waste and losses are reduced. Fossil fuel use falls throughout, but is particularly displaced between 2035 and 2050 by the combination of electricity and bioenergy (which is concentrated in uses where electrification is not possible or cost-effective). Electric end-use energy increases significantly, while primary energy used to generate electricity grows only slightly.

Composition of Consumption of Primary Energy, 2013 (Billion BTU)

Fossil fuels currently play a dominant role in meeting Vermonters’ demand for energy services, with gasoline (27%) and distillates (21%, namely diesel and heating oil), propane (8%), natural gas (7%), and other petroleum (1%) supplying 64% of Vermont’s primary energy consumption. Electricity (28%) for residential, commercial, and industrial needs is the largest single source of primary energy.

Vermont Electric Energy Supply, Before and After REC Sales and Purchases (2014)

The Department of Public Service estimates that meeting expected energy demand and Vermont’s 90% renewable by 2050 would mean that electric end use energy would still need to grow by about 75% for supplies to become virtually 100% renewable. Note that the renewable energy credits (RECs) for most of Vermont’s large renewable electricity generators are sold out of state and therefore cannot be claimed as renewable energy in Vermont.